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ANXIETY


ansiedad

Feeling occasional anxiety is a normal part of life. Many people worry about things like health, money, or family problems. But anxiety disorders involve more than temporary worries or fears. For people with an anxiety disorder, anxiety doesn't go away and can worsen over time.


SYMPTOMS

The most common signs and symptoms of anxiety include the following:

  • Feeling nervous, restless, or tense

  • Feeling an imminent danger, panic, or catastrophe

  • Increased heart rate

  • Rapid breathing (hyperventilation)

  • Sweating

  • Trembling

  • Feeling weak or tired

  • Trouble concentrating or thinking about anything other than the current worry

  • Having trouble falling asleep

  • Experiencing gastrointestinal problems

  • Having difficulty controlling worries

  • Feeling the need to avoid situations that trigger anxiety


Symptoms can begin in childhood or adolescence and continue into adulthood.


They can interfere with daily activities such as work performance, schoolwork, and relationships.


Often, anxiety disorders involve repeated episodes of sudden feelings of intense anxiety and fear or terror that peak within minutes (panic attacks).


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TYPES OF ANXIETY

There are several types of anxiety disorders:

  • Generalized anxiety disorder

  • Panic disorder

  • Social anxiety disorder

  • And various phobia-related disorders


GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER

It typically involves a persistent feeling of anxiety or dread that can interfere with daily life. It is not the same as occasionally worrying about things or experiencing anxiety due to stressful life events. People living with GAD experience frequent anxiety for months, if not years.

PANIC DISORDER

People with panic disorder have frequent and unexpected panic attacks. Panic attacks are sudden periods of intense fear, discomfort, or a sense of losing control, even when there is no clear danger or trigger. Not everyone who experiences a panic attack will develop a panic disorder.

SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER

Social anxiety disorder is an intense and persistent fear of being observed and judged by others. For people with social anxiety disorder, the fear of social situations can feel so intense that it seems beyond their control.


For some people, this fear can be a barrier to going to work, attending school, or doing everyday things.


PHOBIA-RELATED DISORDERS



PHOBIA

It is an intense fear or aversion to specific objects or situations. While it may be realistic to feel anxious in some circumstances, the fear experienced by people with phobias is disproportionate to the actual danger caused by the situation or object.


There are several types of phobias and phobia-related disorders:

  • Specific phobias

  • Agoraphobia

  • Separation anxiety

  • Selective mutism

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